Supporters of the American Horse Slaughter Prevention Act


H.R. 503 | 100th Congress | 2007/2008

National Humane Groups

American Horse Defense Fund

American Sanctuary Association

The American Standardbred Adoption Program, Inc.

American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals

Animals’ Angels USA

Animal Law Coalition

Animal Legal Defense Fund

Animal Welfare Institute

Born Free USA united with Animal Protection Institute

Captive Wild Animal Protection Campaign

Doris Day Animal League

Episcopal Network for Animal Welfare

The Equestrian Society – United States

The Exceller Fund

FOSH (Friends of Sound Horses)

The Fund for Animals

The Fund for Horses

Global Federation of Animal Sanctuaries

Habitat for Horses

Hooved Animal Humane Society

Homes for Horses Coalition

The Humane Society of the United States

Humane Society Veterinary Medical Association

In Defense of Animals

IJA (Independent Judges Association)

The National Humane Education Society

National Equine Rescue Coalition

The Pegasus Foundation

The Progressive Animal Welfare Society

Saddlebred Rescue, Inc.

Society for Animal Protective Legislation

United Animal Nations

United Equine Foundation

United States Equine Sanctuary & Rescue

United States Equine Rescue League

Veterinarians for Equine Welfare

Wild Horse and Burro Freedom Alliance

World Society for the Protection of Animals

International Humane Groups

Canadian Horse Defence Coalition

Cannington Horse Rescue (Little Britain, Ontario, Canada)

Precious Hope Farm

Rescue and Sanctuary for Threatened Animals (R.A.S.T.A.) (De Winton, Alberta, Canada)

Relived Horses (Bracciano (Rome), Italy)

Celebrity Supporters

Ed Asner

Mrs. Gene Autry

Shane Barbi-Wahl

Sia Barbi

Barbara Bosson

Bruce Boxleitner

Jeff Bridges

Christie Brinkley

Keely and Pierce Brosnan

Clay Canfield

Kenny Chesney

Leonard Cohen

Rita Coolidge

Jarrod Cooper, retired NFL player

Stewart Copeland

John Corbett

Alex Cord

Catherine Crier, Court TV

James Cromwell

Tony and Jill Curtis

Lacy J. Dalton

Ellen DeGeneres

Ron Delsener – Ron Delsener Presents

Bo Derek

Clint Eastwood

Mike Epps

Will Estes

Shelley Fabares

Morgan Fairchild

Mike Farrell

Folkuke – Amy Nelson and Cathy Guthrie

Morgan Freeman

Kinky Friedman

Melissa Gilbert

Snoop Dogg

Whoopi Goldberg

Jane Goodall, PhD.

Merv Griffin (deceased)

Arlo Guthrie

Gene Hackman

Merle Haggard

Jack Hanna, Director Emeritus, Columbus Zoo and Aquarium, Columbus, Ohio

Daryl Hannah

Tess Harper

Tippi Hedren

Mariel Hemingway

Laura Hillenbrand — Author of Seabiscuit

Shooter Jennings

George Jones

Ashley Judd

Toby Keith

Eddie Kilroy

Carole King

Johnny Knoxville

Carson Kressley

Kris Kristofferson

Chief Arvol Looking Horse — 19th generation keeper of the White Buffalo Calf Pipe Bundle and holds the responsibility of spiritual leader among the Lakota, Dakota and Nakota People

George Lopez

Jackie “The Joke Man” Martling

Mrs. Roger (Mary) Miller

Steve Miller

Mary Tyler Moore

Constantine Maroulis

Sir Paul McCartney

Ali McGraw

Jesse & Joy McReynolds of Jim & Jesse and the Virginia Boys – Entertainer, Member of the Grand Ole Opry, Bluegrass Music legend

Connie Nelson – Outlaw Mgmt

Willie Nelson

Olivia Newton-John

Hayden Panettiere

Tatjana Patitz

Alexandra Paul

Ray Price

The late Richard and Jennifer Lee Pryor

Bonnie Raitt

Carl Reiner

Keith Richards

Eric Roberts

Dale Robertson

Kid Rock

Theresa Russell

William Shatner

Nicollette Sheridan

Chris Shivers – Two-time PBR World Champion

Paul Sorvino

Mira Sorvino

Marty Stuart

Loretta Swit

Bernie Taupin

Billy Bob Thornton

Rob Thomas

Marisol Thomas

John Trudell

Tanya Tucker

Shania Twain

Ken Wahl

Mike White – 1999 PRCA World Champion

Alice Berkman Williams

Noah Wylie

Dwight Yoakam

National Horse Industry Organizations

National Horse Industry Organizations

American Walking Pony Association

The American Holsteiner Horse Association, Inc.

The American Sulphur Horse Association

American Indian Horse Registry

Blue Horse Charities

Churchill Downs Incorporated

Eaton & Thorne

Eaton Sales, Inc.

Fasig-Tipton Company, Inc.

Hambletonian Society, Inc.

Horse Industry Partners

Hughs Management

International Pleasure Walking Horse Registry

Keeneland Association Inc.

Magna Entertainment Corp.

National Show Horse Registry

National Steeplechase Association, Inc.

National Walking Horse Association

New Jersey Racing Commission

New Jersey Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association

New York Racing Association

New York State Thoroughbred Racing and Development Fund Corporation

New York Thoroughbred Breeders, Inc.

Ocala Breeder’s Sales Company (OBS)

Palomino Horse Association, Int.

Racetrack Chaplaincy of America

Thoroughbred Racing Protective Bureau

Thoroughbred Retirement Foundation

United States Eventing Association

Horse Industry Leaders

Josephine Abercrombie – Owner, Pin Oak Stud

Joe L. Allbritton – Owner, Lazy Lane Farms, Inc.

Peggy Augustus – Owner, Keswick Farm

Niall and Stephanie Brennan – Niall Brennan Stables

Nadia Sanan Briggs – Padua Stables

Carol Brown Owner/Breeder Lexington, Kentucky

Maggie O. Bryant – Locust Hill Farm

W. Cothran “Cot” Campbell – Dogwood Stables

Norman Casse – Chairman of the Ocala Breeder’s Sales Company (OBS)

Nick and Jaqui de Meric – Nick de Meric Bloodstock

Richard L. Duchossois – Chairman, Arlington Park

Tracy & Carol Farmer – Owners, Shadowlawn Farm

John Fort – Peachtree Racing Stable

John Gaines – the late founder of the Breeder’s Cup World Thoroughbred Championship

Gainesway Farm

GaWaNi Pony Boy

Randy Hartley – Hartley/De Renzo Thoroughbreds

Charles E. Hayward – President and CEO, New York Racing Association, Inc.

The late John Hettinger – Owner, Akindale Farm, former Principal stockholder Fasig-Tipton Co, Inc., Chairman Emeritus Grayson-Jockey Club Research Foundation, Trustee NY Racing Association

Tom Meeker – Churchill Downs

Reiley McDonald – Partner, Eaton Sales

Herb and Ellen Moelis – Candyland Farm

Nick Nicholson – President and Chief Executive Officer, Keeneland Association

Madeline Paulson Pickens – Owner/Breeder

George Stout – National Cutting Horse Association Members Hall of Fame

Frank Stronach – CEO, Magna Entertainment

Dan and Jocelyn Sumerel – Sumerel Training and Therapy

Becky Thomas – Sequel Bloodstock

D.G. Van Clief, Jr. – former NTRA Commissioner, CEO & Breeders’ Cup President

Walnut Hall Limited

Donna Ward

Marylou Whitney and John Hendrickson – owners of BIRDSTONE, 2004 Belmont Stakes winner

Russell Williams – VP, Hanover Shoe Farm

Note: Sadly, the National Thoroughbred Racing Association has withdrawn their support for a ban on horse slaughter citing reasons put forward by other pro-horse slaughter organizations. Thankfully, industry leaders continue their strong support for a ban despite this recent flip by the NTRA.

Kentucky Derby Winning Owners

Roy and Gretchen Jackson (BARBARO – 2006)

Jerry and Ann Moss (GIACOMO – 2005)

Patricia Chapman (SMARTY JONES – 2004)

Sackatoga Stable, Jack Knowlton, Managing Partner (FUNNY CIDE – 2003)

John and Debby Oxley (MONARCHOS – 2001)

Beverly Lewis (CHARISMATIC-1999, SILVER CHARM – 1997)

Mike Pegram (REAL QUIET – 1998)

William T. Young, Jr, Overbrook Farm LLC (GRINDSTONE – 1996)

Joseph and Eileen Cornacchia (GO FOR GIN – 1994, STRIKE THE GOLD – 1991)

Bill Condren (GO FOR GIN – 1994, STRIKE THE GOLD – 1991)

Mrs. Paul Mellon (SEA HERO – 1993)

Arthur and Staci Hancock (SUNDAY SILENCE – 1989, GATO DEL SOL – 1982)

Howard Keck, Jr. (FERDINAND – 1986)

Dell Hancock (SWALE – 1984)

Bert and Diana Firestone (GENUINE RISK – 1980)

Penny Chenery (SECRETARIAT – 1973, RIVA RIDGE – 1972)

Trainers and Jockeys

Jerry Bailey – Hall of Fame Jockey

Diamond Jim Brooks – 2006 Quarter Horse Jockey of the Year for the State of Texas

W.A. “Jimmy” Croll, Jr – Hall of Fame Trainer

Neil Drysdale – Hall of Fame Trainer

Julie Krone – Hall of Fame Jockey

Chris McCarron – Hall of Fame Jockey

Richard Mandella – Hall of Fame Trainer

Gary Stevens – Hall of Fame Jockey

Nick Zito – Two-time Kentucky Derby Winning and Hall of Fame Trainer

Horse Industry Press

Chicago Barn to Wire

Horse Connection Magazine

Horsin’ Around TV

The Horseman’s Voice

Living Legends Magazine

Natural Horse Magazine

Texas Horse Talk Magazine

The Gaited Horse

The United States Harness Writers Association

Political Leaders

The Honorable Robert J. Dole (R-KS), former US Senator

The Honorable Charles Grandison Rose, III (D-NC), former US Congressman

The Honorable James Albon “Jim” Mattox (D-TX) former US Congressman and Texas Attorney General

The Honorable David M. McIntosh (R-IN) former US Congressman

Pennsylvania Young Democrats

Corporate Leaders

Les Alexander – Owner, Houston Rockets

Gary Bisantz – Founder, Cobra Golf Clubs

Alex Campbell – Chairman, Shakertown & Triangle Foundation

Jess S. Jackson and Barbara R. Banke – Kendall-Jackson Wine Estates

Summerfield Johnston – Retired Chairman and CEO, Coca-Cola Enterprises

Robert McNair – Owner, The Houston Texans

Paul Oreffice – former Chairman Dow Chemical Co, Inc.

T. Boone Pickens – Founder and CEO, BPCapital

Leonard Riggio – Founder and CEO, Barnes & Noble

Satish Sanan – Chairman and CEO, Zavata, Inc.

Richard Santulli – Chairman, Net Jets

Barry Schwartz – Co-Founder, Calvin Klein Inc.

Nina DiSesa – Chairman, McCann Erickson New York

J.V. Shields – Chairman and CEO, Shields & Co., Wall Street, NYC

George Steinbrenner – Owner, New York Yankees

George Strawbridge – Private Investor

Stuart Subotnick – General Partner and Chief Operating Officer, Metro Media

Daniel V. Tully – Ex CEO Merrill, Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith

William Ziff – Ziff Brothers Investments, New York City

Online Communities

Alex Brown Racing

Americans Against Horse Slaughter

Arabian Horse Association Mission Supporters – ‘AHAMS’

Campaigning For Barbaro

Common Horse Sense

Equine Welfare Alliance

Fans of Barbaro

Humanity Against Horse Slaughter

Illinois Horse Online

Just Say Whoa

Mary Nash’s Horse Slaughter Website

The Scrolls of Equus


Rescues and Sanctuaries


Dusty Trails Horse Rescue, Inc.

Mobile SPCA

The Peruvian Pasobilities Mounted Drill Team

Peruvian Drill and Trail Club


Alaska Equine Rescue

Haines Animal Rescue Kennel


Americans Against Horse Slaughter

Apache Junction Horse Rescue

Arizona Equine Rescue

Arizona Racing Commission

Conquistador Equine Rescue Program

Eclectic Equine

Equine Recline

Equine Voices Rescue & Sanctuary

Granite Mountain Stables PMU Foal Rescue

Hacienda de los Milagros, Inc.

Healing Hearts Animal Rescue and Refuge

Humane Education Club – Barry Goldwater High School (Phoenix)

In Defense of Animals At Arizona State University (Student Organization)

Keepers of the Wild Valentine

Morningstarr Animal Sanctuary

Painted Promise Ranch and Miniature Equine Rescue

Superstition Horse Ranch

Sheriff Joseph M. Arpaio, Maricopa County – “America’s Toughest Sheriff”

Wildhorse Ranch Rescue

Whisper’s Sanctuary

Dreamchaser PMU Rescue & Rehab

Equine Recline

Silver Creek Humane Society


ARTEX Animal Welfare

Eagle’s Nest Draft Rehab & Sanctuary, Inc.

Humane Society of Clark County

Humane Society of Marion County


After the Finish Line

A Gift Horse

California Coastal Horse Rescue

California Equine Retirement Foundation

Canyon Creek Farm Horse Rescue Inc.

Cooper Racing (Carol Cooper) – Qtr Horse Breeding, Training and Layups

Delta Breeze Farm

Dignity After Racing, D.A.R.

East Bay Animal Advocates

Equine Alliance

Equestrian Trails, Inc.

GEVA (Glen Ellen Vocational Academy, Inc.)

The Golden Carrot

Heart of the Redwoods Horse Rescue

Hooves for Hope

Jack Auchterlonie Memorial Equine Sanctuary (J.A.M.E.S.)

Lifesavers Wild Horse Rescue

Neigh Savers Foundation, Inc.

Return to Freedom Wild Horse Sanctuary

Redwings Horse Sanctuary

SafeHaven Horse Rescue & Sanctuary

Saving Horses Inc.

Spirit of Equus Rescue, A Project of Institute of the Southwest

SAFER (Sonoma Action For Equine Rescue

Southern California Thoroughbred Rescue

Standardbred Rescue

TB Friends

The Piedra Foundation

Tranquility Farm

United Pegasus Foundation


Aba Bahabas Arabians

Colorado Horse Rescue

The Epona Project Horse Rescue

Front Range Equine Rescue

Love Can’t Wait Pony Rescue

Lucky Three Ranch, Inc.

Nordquist Arabians

Natural Horse Network

Political Voice for Animals

Project Equus

Rocky Mountain Horse Rescue

Ruby Ranch Horse Rescue

Spring Creek Horse Rescue

WindDancer Foundation Inc.

Zuma’s Rescue Ranch


Equine Angels Rescue Sanctuary

The Humane Organization Representing Suffering Equines (H.O.R.S.E.) of CT, Inc.

National Institute for Animal Advocacy

Phoenix Rising Equine Rescue


Delaware General Assembly – Resolution calling for passage of the American Horse Slaughter Prevention Act

The SummerWinds Stables

Whimsical Equine Rescue


Aloha Equestrian Center

Beauty’s Haven Farm & Equine Rescue, Inc.

Caring Fields Animal Sanctuary

Darlynn’s Darlins Inc.

Dreamfinder Farms, Inc.

Florida Draft Horse Rescue

F.R.I.E.N.D.S. (Florida Research Institute for Equine Nurturing, Development and Safety)

Horse Protection Association of Florida

New Beginnings Equine Facility

Painted Star Equine Rescue Inc.

Pure Thoughts Horse Rescue

Retirement Home for Horses

Saving Animals Via Education (S.A.V.E.)

Second Hope Ranch, Inc.

South Florida SPCA


Big Sky Farm – Quarter Horse boarding and breeding facility

Browntree Farm

Georgia Equine Rescue League

Horse Rescue, Relief and Retirement Fund, Inc.

Magic Hollow Farms

Mustang and Wild Horse Rescue and Training Center of GA

Outback Walkin Ranch

Sound Rail & Trail Society

STARS (Sound Trail And Rail Society, Inc.)

State of Georgia Home Stretch Equine Rescue Foundation

Sunkissed Acres Rescue and Retirement, Inc.

Triple “L” Horse Rescue, Inc.


Three Ring Ranch Animal Sanctuary

East Maui Animal Refuge

Keawewai Ranch


Horse Haven Rescue

For the Love of Horses Rescue and Sanctuary


Arlington Park Racecourse

Balmoral Park Racetrack

Blackberry Station Feed Store

Block Thoroughbred Farm

CANTER Illinois

Central Illinois Humane Society

Crosswinds Equine Rescue, Inc.

Drexler Horse Transportation

Eastland Farm and Training Center

Fairberry Farm

Fairmount Park

Field of Dreams Horse Rescue & Adoption

Hawthorne National Racecourse

Hill ‘N Dale Farm

Illinois Equine Humane Center, NFP

Illinois Thoroughbred Horseman’s Association

Illinois Thoroughbred Breeders and Owners Foundation

Illinois Harness Horseman’s Association

Illinois Horseman’s Benevolent Protective Association

International Brotherhood of Teamsters Local 727

John Marshall Law School, Animal Law Society, Chicago, IL

Manhattan Acres

Maywood Park Racetrack

Mid America Horse Rescue, NFP

Oak Tree Farm

One Horse At a Time, Inc.

Pam Kuhl Horse Transportation

RERUN Illinois

Shawnee Hills Farm

Three Way Farm

Top of the Hill Farm

Tower Farm


Animal Protection Coalition

CANTOR of Indiana

Friends of Ferdinand

Indiana Horse Rescue

Indiana Horse Rescue Coalition, Equine Division of the Animal Protection Coalition, Inc.

New Beginnings Animal Refuge, Inc.

Wild Winds Horse Rescue


Animal Rescue League of Iowa, Inc.

Hooves & Paws Rescue, Inc.

Humane Society of North Central Iowa

Iowa City Animal Care and Adoption Center

Iowa Racing and Gaming Commission


Animal Outreach of Kansas

Bourbon Road Animal Sanctuary

Donegal Ranch Quarter Horses

Lawrence Humane Society

Rainbow Meadows Equine Rescue and Retirement, Inc.

Shooting Star Stables and Equine Rescue, Inc.

Southern Winds Equine Rescue and Recovery Center, Inc.

Rainbow Meadows Equine Rescue and Retirement, Inc.

Hope in the Valley Equine Rescue and Sanctuary

Winding Road Equine Rescue & Retirement, Inc.


Blairs Equine Rescue

Bluegrass Equine Products, Inc.

Brandeis Student Animal Legal Defense Fund

DreamCatcher Stables, Inc.

Hidden Creek Friesians

Holly’s Place Animal Rescue

Home at Last animal sanctuary

Humane Society, A.L.L. of Madison County

Humane Society of Gallatin County

Kentucky Animal Relief Fund, Inc.

Kentucky Animal Rescue Alliance

The Kentucky Coalition for Animal Protection, Inc.

Kentucky Equine Humane Center, Inc.

Lexington Humane Society

Marion Co. Humane Society, Inc.

Mountain View Rescue

Speak Up For Horses, Inc.

Wolfrun Wildlife Refuge, Inc.

Woodstock Animal Foundation


Aid for Animals and Humanity

The Coalition of Louisiana Animal Advocates

D.E.W. Drop Farms Equine Rescue & Rehabilitation

Hopeful Haven Equine Rescue Org., Inc.


Animal Rescue Unit

Barrel Race in Maine

Beckwith Stables

Downeast Border Riders Saddle Club

Phoenix Equine Rescue


The American Quarter Horse Rescue Organization

Celtic Rein Equine Rescue & Sanctuary, Inc.

Freedom Hill Horse Rescue

Heather Knisley Racing

Horse Lovers United, Inc.

Horsenet Horse Rescue

MidAtlantic Horse Rescue

Frog Pond Acres

University of Maryland Equestrian Club


CANTER Michigan

Horses’ Haven

Putters Green Stable


Midwest Horse Adoption Program

Misfit Acres Inc.

Minnesota Hooved Animal Rescue Foundation

RIDE of Rochester

Save Our Souls Equine Rescue


Humane Society of South Mississippi

Mississippi Horse Rescue


Alder Hill Farm

Animal Protective Association of Missouri

Horses of Hope Missouri, Inc.

Humane Society of Missouri


Pryor Mountain Mustangs

Rolling Dog Ranch Animal Sanctuary

WindDancer Foundation


Angel Heart Rescue Ranch

Break Heart Ranch Horse Rescue

Epona Horse Rescue

Horse Rescue United

Lone Oak Farms

M & J Horses

Missy’s Hope Equine Rescue Resource


High Desert Equine Rescue

Miracle Horse Rescue, Inc.

Shiloh Horse Rescue and Sanctuary

Wild Horse Preservation League

Wild Horse Spirit, Ltd.

New Hampshire

Brown Lane Horse Farm

Equine Protection of North America (E.P.O.N.A.)

Independence Farm

Jill Lorenz – president, New Hampshire Horse Council

Linden Tree Riding Program

Live and Let Live Farm

The Runnymede Stables

New Jersey

Friends of Lord Sterling Stables Retirement Program

Helping Hearts Equine Rescue

Manes and Tails Organization

Mylestone Equine Rescue

Renaissance Farm of Crosswicks

Saddlebred Rescue

Save the Animals Foundation

Standardbred Retirement Foundation

SunDew Stables & Equine Rescue

Timberline Equine Center

New Mexico

A.N.N.A. – Animals Need No Abuse

Animal Protection of New Mexico

Independence Farm

Perfect Harmony Animal Rescue & Sanctuary

Walkin “N” Circles Equine Rescue Ranch

Wild Horse Observer’s Association (W.H.O.A.)

New York

Amaryllis Farm Equine Rescue

Animal Chat Room

Carpe Diem Equine Rescue, Inc. (NY, PA, NJ)

DMD Design

EARTHWORKS, Turtles Inc. Foundation

Equine Advocates

Equine Rescue Facility

Equine Rescue Resource, Inc.

Finger Lakes Thoroughbred Adoption Program, Inc.

Helping Horses

H.O.R.S.E. Rescue & Sanctuary

Horsesavers (NY, TN, SC)

JMF Group, LLC

Little Brook Farm

New York State Humane Association (NYSHA)

Quarter-Acre Rescue Ranch & Equine Advocacy Center

Spring Farm CARES

Suffolk County Legislature – Memorializing Resolution in support of the American Horse Slaughter Prevention Act

Vassar Animal Rescue Coalition

Western New York Equine Sanctuary, Inc.

North Carolina

Double G Stable & Farms

Jus Linda’s Stables

Stillwater Farms

United States Equine Rescue League, Inc. (also in IN and VA)

North Dakota

North Dakota Animal Acres

Tremont’s Pet Sitting Service


Angels4horses Adoption-Placement Foundation

Blairs Sunset Haven, Inc.


Darvic’s Equine Place


HOPE Organization, Inc.

Last Chance Corral

Living Legend Arabians

Serenity Horse Rescue

Sound Horse Organization of Ohio

U.S. Horse Outreach


Angel Horse Rescue, Inc.

Blaze’s Tribute Equine Rescue, Inc.

Grey Oaks Farm Equine Sanctuary

Greener Pastures Horse Rescue Foundation

Prism PMU Foal and Horse Rescue


Emerald Valley Equine Assistance Horse Rescue

Equine Angels Horse Rescue

Hooves and Halos Animal Rescue

HyTyme Equine Rescue

Tennessee Walking Horse Association

Whispering Winds Equine Rescue


Adams County SPCA

Angel Acres Horse Haven Rescue

Animal Care and Welfare/SPCA

Another Chance 4 Horses

Back in the Saddle Horse Adoption, Inc.

Bran Manor Equine Rescue & Placement

Bright Futures Farm

CANTOR Pennsylvania

Cozee Valee Farm

Eastern University Equestrian Team

Forgotten Treasures Equine Rescue

Lost and Found Horse Rescue

OohMahNee Farm Animal Sanctuary

Pennsylvania SPCA

Ponytales Rescue

R.A.C.E Fund, Inc.

Ryerss Farm for Aged Equines

Rhode Island

Horse Play

New England Equine Rescues (cover RI, CT, MA, NH, VT, ME and NY)

Potter League for Animals

South Carolina

Equus Sorority

Hollow Creek Farm Equine Rescue

Neverending Farms Horse Rescue

Palmetto Equine Awareness & Rescue League (P.E.A.R.L.®)

South Dakota

Black Hills Wild horse Sanctuary

Helping Hands Equine Rehabilitation and Rescue

Horse Help Providers, Inc.


Egyptian Cross Arabians

Fayette County Animal Rescue

Horse Haven of Tennessee

Misfit Ranch


Animal Connection of Texas

Animal Sanctuary of the United States/Wild Animal Orphanage

Austin Zoo

Black Beauty Ranch

Brighter Days Horse Refuge

City of Flower Mound, TX

Common Ground Foundation

Creekside Farm Rescue

The Crows Nest Miniature Horse Farm

Greater Houston Horse Council

Ipswich Equine Rescue (also in MA)

Lone Star Equine Rescue, Inc.

Lone Star Park

Lonesome Dove Equine Protection

Madden Investigations

Oak Cliff Breeders

The Queenie Foundation

Racetrack Chaplaincy Texas

R-9 Ranch

Sound Horse Organization of Texas

Texans for Horses

SPCA of Texas

The Texas Federation of Humane Societies

Texas Humane Legislation Network

Texas EquuSearch Mounted Search and Recovery Team

Texas Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association

Triple Me Mac Equine Sanctuary

Utopia Animal Rescue Ranch

Wild Horse & Burro Refuge & Registry


Best Friends Animal Society

Desert Duns Sulphur Horse Ranch

Sound Horse Organization of Utah

Utah Animal Adoption Center


H.O.R.S.E. of Vermont

The Humane Organization for Un-Raceable Standardbred Equines, Inc.

Spring Hill Horse Rescue


Ches-N-Oak Farms

Dream Catcher Farm Horse Sanctuary

Parkway Quarter Horse, Inc.

White Bird Appaloosa Horse Rescue – Stillwater Farm

Virginia Thoroughbred Association


Blue Mountain Humane Society

Columbia Basin Equine Rescue

Cowgirl Spirit Rescue Drill Team

Equine Rescue Association

For the Horses Equine Rescue

The Rescue Friends, “Passion’s Rescue”

Save A Forgotten Equine (S.A.F.E.)

West Virginia

Chestnut Farms, LLC

Honeysuckle Farms

LakeHaven Sanctuary

Santiburi Farm

Second Wind Adoption Program

Star Light Stables

West Virginia Equestrian Association

West Virginia Horse Center


All God’s Creatures Equestrian Center

American Standardbred Adoption Program

Animal Fairy Charities, Inc.

Animal Rescue and Farm Sanctuary

Competitive Edge Show Horses, LLC

Midwest Horse Welfare Foundation, Inc.

Wisconsin Humane Society


Hay Hounds for Horses

Wyoming Animal Network

Wyoming Alliance Against NAIS

Wyoming Horse Rescue

Wyoming Mustangs

Wyoming Wild Horse Coalition


Supporters | H.R. 503 | 110th Congress | 2007/2008

To amend the Horse Protection Act to prohibit the shipping, transporting, moving, delivering, receiving, possessing, purchasing, selling, or donation of horses and other equines to be slaughtered for human consumption, and for other purposes.

Message from Vivian

Vivian's headshot.

Hello, and welcome to the Fund for Horses and Int’l Fund for Horses.  I am Vivian Grant Farrell, founding President. Here is a bit about myself.

Horses have influenced my entire life. I cannot remember a time when horses have not been a part of it.

My dad and uncle took me to my first horse race when I was about 9 months old at Haydock Park in Liverpool, England where I was born. My father took me around all day sitting on his shoulders. He said I was enraptured and never a moment’s trouble.

But my experience with horses goes back further than that. It goes back to the day I was brought home from the hospital a couple of days after I was born. 

My dad carried me from the car — not into the house — but straight to the barn where the horses were. The horses were very curious about what was wrapped up in that little blanket.

Then he took me around to each horse in turn to let them gently blow their breath on me through their nostrils. My father said he prayed that I would have in some part the same spirit as these amazing creatures.

Growing up, we always had horses around. They are a lot of work to take care of so it’s all hands on deck. I began helping out with the horses mornings and evenings, mucking out as soon as I was able to handle a fork and barrow, changing their water, turning them out and bringing them in.

I took up riding at a very early age of course. Nothing could have been more natural. I never rode with tack until my early teens.

It was all Thoroughbreds when I was in England, and not until we moved to America that I met Quarter Horses. What a jolly breed they are. If they understand what you want and are even remotely capable of doing it, they will try.

Later when I married and lived in Texas, we boarded all sorts of horses and this was when I had my first experience with gaited horses, having the most wonderful Missouri Foxtrotter.

After I was widowed I left America and returned to England settling in the north. I had been a keen photographer since my teens and quite talented at it. I made good locally, and eventually was able to put my two great loves together — horses and photography — and developed a career beginning with local racecourses no further south than York.

My career blossomed, and I eventually moved south, relocating to racing HQ — Newmarket, Suffolk. I spent many happy years photographing some of the world’s most beautiful and talented horses on the flat and over the jumps in the UK and Europe. I was even lucky enough once to draw the coveted position at The Chair for the Aintree Grand National (I usually got the water jump!).

Years later saw my return to America with my second husband who was employed by a famous East coast Thoroughbred breeder and owner.

I began to witness things done to horses that greatly disturbed me and had not seen go on anywhere else I had worked or lived. I began to ask questions, to speak up. It is no exaggeration to say that this made me wildly unpopular to the point I was warned off on more than one occasion.

My husband felt very much the same way and ready to quit and return to the UK because he couldn’t handle it either.  However, I could not follow him because I had too many animals who had to be quarantined. The cost was prohibitive, and I couldn’t bear to give even one of them up.

So I stayed behind, and back to my old stomping ground in Texas I went, with all my animals in tow.  

Once settled there, I was shocked to learn that horses were being slaughtered in Texas for human consumption. I was stunned, angered and knew that I had to do something about it. That is how and when my advocacy for horses began — with that issue with an informal group called Texans for Horses. That was 2001 and I am still going strong today, working to end horse abuse at here and abroad.

Join Us

If you love horses and want to help I invite you to get involved with us.

It doesn’t have to be anything big — although we would naturally love it if you are inspired to do big things. But this is what I have found over many years:

When a group of people get together and take the same steps at the same time towards good, big things — what some might even call miraculous things — begin to happen.

Our horses need as many of us as possible to be that group of people, however and whenever we can. No act of compassion is ever too small or goes unrewarded.

Contact us here to find out more.

Thank you for stopping by and visiting with us.

For the Love of Horses,

Vivian's signature.

10 December 2019

THF 2019 Logo. ©The Horse Fund.

Our Mission and Philosophy »

History of Our Organization »

Horses in Film: Equine Mechanics — The Digital Horse


In the last two years 38 films have required cuts to remove “instances of real animal cruelty” in order to make them legal for release in the UK. These include horses made to fall using techniques likely to result in serious injury as in House of Flying Daggers, and horses ridden off cliffs and illegal falls in The Trail Beyond or Paradise Canyon, horses being goaded to leaping around and falling by the manipulation of wires attached to their heads in Janbaaz and cruel treatment of a horse in Never Say Never Again.

In many cases the American versions were released uncut. Even in the UK where the scenes are acknowledged as cruel and removed, this is not seen as a grievous enough crime to ban the film. Do we really still need to be this barbaric?

I am currently developing a new tool which will allow the realistic simulation of horse motion and could remove the need for live horses on film sets altogether, making this sort of film cruelty a thing of the past.

Many films and computer games today feature scenes using horses, some of them in complicated stunts and some just standing around, adding the right atmosphere. Horror stories are told the world over of how horses have suffered and even died for our art in the past.

Recently many institutions including the American Humane Association, legally responsible for animal use in American films, have been making great progress in improving standards. Specially trained stunt horses are increasingly used for scenes which contain bucking, rearing or falling, and digital animals are beginning to cut down on the use of live ones, but there is still such a long way to go.

The use of digital horses is a valuable means of reducing the need for horses on set and in particular horses in dangerous or cruel situations. Battles scenes can have as many horses as you wish, behaving however you want, and no horse need be at risk, frightened, overworked, tripped, hurt or even bored. It is only limited by the animators’ ability to produce realistic horses. In the film industry I produce a lot of work with motion capture – the technique used to create Gollum in Lord of the Rings.

This uses specially designed cameras to record the real motion that can be used by animators to produce digital horses with the level of realism required by today’s audiences. In the last year I have provided the horse movement for such films as King Arthur (2004), Alexander (2004) and Kingdom of Heaven (2005, Ridley Scott).

Motion capture allows movements to be filmed in controlled safe environments and to be linked together creating a realistic sequence that the horse did not actually perform. However it is not possible to provide the movement for sequences such as a horse falling or rearing unless the equine actor actually performs this.

To solve this dilemma I have begun to create a very complicated bio-mechanical tool called the Digital Equine. This will allow horses and their movements to be completely computer simulated, replacing the role of horse motion capture in the film industry and even removing the need for real horses altogether.

Why do I think I should be able to do this? I am a bio-mechanics expert with a PhD from the University of Oxford, a First Class Degree in Equine Science, currently based at a prominent equine biomechanics research group. However I am also an ex-professional horse rider, licensed to supervise, train and exhibit performing animals and so I have not just an academic knowledge of horse anatomy, bio-mechanics and locomotion but also a practical knowledge of horses and their behaviour. I work with my Husband, a physicist and animator, and together we head Equine Mechanics (*

To enable the highest quality of motion to be simulated Equine Mechanics’ Digital Equine model of the horse is painstakingly bio-mechanically correct including bone shapes, joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments, mass and inertial properties. It provides real motion as it effectively uses a virtual horse musculo-skeletal system. It can then be adjusted for breed and type and riders can then be added or not at the animators whim. The only thing it does not include is the component of behaviour. This has the advantage of allowing the director to choose the horse’s response but as with all film-making techniques does require a certain amount of behavioural knowledge by the operator. Would the horse have been scared? How would it have reacted?

There is a simulation product on the market at the moment. There are no horse specialists however a company has tried to produce some equine simulation tools. Sadly their horses do not move convincingly, are not anatomically correct and do not behave in a realistic manner and so have never really been applied in the animation market. So far these simulations have only been designed to replace dramatic death scenes and not general horse usage and so have not been well received by directors. What is needed is a simulation tool where the horses do not just move right they also stand right, even fidgeting and twitching realistically. This is what I hope to provide.

The software would only simulate the horse movement and, as with motion capture, animators will then need to be used to create the final look, lighting, shading and compositing. Filming with live horses is actually a very expensive technique, mostly in terms of crew time, and this pipeline should be a competitive alternative even once the cost of animation is included. Motion capture is currently the most appropriate and humane method to capture large scenes or difficult animal stunts, but whereas motion capture is prohibitively expensive, and therefore underused, I expect this technology to be much cheaper. Of course, it also has the advantage that, unlike real horses, it can be made to do whatever you want it to do!

The intention is to release the technology to the movie industry in two stages: Firstly the offer of a ‘simulation’ service, to include an optional animation service, and secondly the release of the software as a product once it is seen to be developed enough that anyone would be able to use it and still get good results.

It has been suggested that the American Humane Association increase its number of inspectors, or ban animals on set altogether, however this is neither likely nor practical. And even the American Humane Association cannot stop cruelty in films like the House of Flying Daggers which was filmed in Asia.

As we enter the age of high-technology films I hope that this sort of progress in computer graphics can mean that soon all films can carry the “No Animals Were Harmed. . .” ending credit disclaimer without so much as an inspector on set.

Many people have stepped forward to call for an improvement in the horse’s lot. This time we are going further: We are offering an alternative.

* Link no longer active.

Written by SIAN LAWSON, February 15, 2005.

1 Animal killing producers of House of Flying Daggers: Bill Kong and Zhang Yimou
2 The Trail Beyond: Horses driven off cliffs; Director Robert Bradbury; Producer Paul Malvern
3 Carl Pierson directed the horse torture in Paradise Canyon
4 Janbazz Producer: Gajendra Singh
5 Irvin Kershner, Director, Never Say Never Again 

From the Int’l Fund for Horses ( website) archives.

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Horses in Film: Abused for Entertainment? »

Horses in Film: Abused for Entertainment?


ANIMALS have been used in film since moving pictures were first introduced. They offer entertainment to humans on many levels.

“Animals actors don’t have to talk to make you laugh or to steal your heart. They can be strong and fierce or cute and cuddly.”

Animals play a wide variety of roles in the movies, and never cease to amaze their audiences with what they are capable of achieving. As Warren Epstein reported in the July 12 edition of The Gazette, “Animals in films were our rescuers, our attackers, our best friends.”

Unfortunately the treatment of these beloved creatures has not always been humane. Animal Rights have not always been in existence; therefore, many animals have been abused, injured, and killed during the making of movies. Some of the most heinous cases of animal abuse and neglect noted in film making involve horses.

It is understandable why horses are so frequently used in the movies.

Horses are represented in many facets of human history and lifestyle. They have been a part of human communities for thousands of years. Horses often represent aristocratic leisure and status. Their association with cowboys and the Western movie is unparalleled. They were once the primary source of power and transportation. “Horses represent not just strength, but strength combined with beauty and grace.”

Their presence in period films is necessary to make the productions historically accurate. Nearly two hundred horses were used during the filming of the chariot race scene in the 1925 Fred Niblo film, Ben-Hur. Fortunately, it was reported that not a single horse was injured. This would probably relate more to luck than a deliberate attempt by anyone to ensure the safety of the animals. Many of the horses used in Westerns were not so lucky.

It is not surprising that so many horses were injured or killed during the making of Westerns, considering what horses were subjected to.

In her book West of Everything, Jane Tompkins discusses what horses endured, in Western films, for the sake of entertainment.

The horses were routinely whipped by stage drivers, they were forced to climb up and down steep hills, and they were forcibly driven through raging rivers. Horses were forced to pull heavy loads in the blazing sun. They were spurred, shot at, forced to jump through windows, and ridden through burning buildings. What horses endured in Westerns is similar to that which the heroes themselves endured, with one exception; the horses were not acting voluntarily.

The American Humane Association (AHA) has fought for animal rights since 1877, but it was not until the tragic death of a horse, during the filming of the 1939 Henry King film, Jesse James, that the AHA was given legal rights to monitor the treatment of animals in films. The horse in question was forced to jump off a cliff into a raging river. The device used to make the horse fall was a slippery platform called a ‘tilt shute,’ which when tilted up forced the horse to slip off the cliff. This is just one of the many cruel methods utilized in the movies to force animals to fall against their will.

The public was outraged and demanded action. This prompted the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) to grant the AHA legal rights to set guidelines and to monitor the treatment of animals on movie sets. The contract fell under the administration of the Hayes Office, which had the responsibility of setting the standards and practices of film making during that time. Unfortunately, in 1966 the Supreme Court dissolved the Hayes Office, ruling that their practices constituted censorship. This meant that film companies no longer had to abide by the regulations protecting animals that had been set by the AHA.

From 1966 to 1980 the American Humane Association tried to monitor the treatment of movie animals, but since film companies were no longer legally bound to have them there, they often refused to allow the AHA on their production sets.  Gina Barrett, former Director of the Western Regional Office of the American Humane Association, stated, “During that period of time, frankly, animal abuse in film making grew again.”

Unfortunately, it took the death of another horse before reform was finally brought about, and animal rights were reinstated. During the filming of the 1979 Michael Cimino film, Heaven’s Gate, a horse was severely injured when explosives were placed underneath his saddle, and the animal had to be euthanized. So, in 1980, the entertainment industry granted the AHA sole authority to protect animals used in film through a contract with the Screen Actors Guild.

Filmmakers would now be required to notify the AHA in advance if any animals were to be used in their productions. The AHA seeks to prevent the mistreatment of any animal actors by reviewing scripts, working with the trainers prior to filming, and by being present on the sets to make sure guidelines are being followed. Although the complete list of guidelines and procedures is quite extensive, the AHA follows four basic principles:

  • No animal will be killed or injured for the sake of a film production.
  • If an animal must be treated inhumanely to perform, then that animal should not be used.
  • Animals are not props!
  • If an animal is used off camera as background or to attract the attention of an animal being filmed, the same humane guidelines must apply to that animal.

“Animal” means all sentient creatures including birds, fish, reptiles and insects.

Once filming has been completed, the AHA publishes reviews of the movies describing how the animal action scenes were accomplished. They then rate each production based solely on the treatment of the animals. The movies are rated as: acceptable, believed acceptable, questionable, unknown, or not acceptable.

The “no animals were harmed during the filming of this production” credit, which can only be issued by the AHA, is reserved for those movies that have received an acceptable movie rating.

The 1998 Robert Redford film, The Horse Whisperer, received an acceptable rating. Live horses were used to ‘set up’ shots and then animatronic animals (robotic remote computer controlled replicas) were used when potential for injury to the live animal existed. Specially trained stunt horses were used in the scenes that showed rearing, bucking, or falling. The horse trainers stood just off scene and cued the animals using verbal and hand commands.

The 1999 Steve Miner film, Texas Rangers, also received an acceptable rating from the AHA. Horse wranglers, trainers, and veterinarians were present on the set during the filming of all the animal action. All actors who rode in the film were required to take horse-riding lessons. Specially trained stunt horses were used for this movie as well. Any gunfire in the movie was shot at least fifty yards from any horse or other animal, and limited amounts of gunpowder were used to reduce the noise level, and limit the chances of bothering or spooking the horses.

These techniques would have been well served during the filming of the 1903 Porter film, The Great Train Robbery, in which several horses were caught up in a fight between law officials and train-robbers. The horses in that movie were obviously bothered and quite spooked by the mock shoot-out.

The AHA gives the believed acceptable rating when they have reviewed the script and consulted with the trainers but were not actually present on the set during the filming of the movie.

The 2001 Brian Helgeland film, A Knight’s Tale, received a believed acceptable rating. The horses used in the jousting scenes were trained falling and rearing horses that were also conditioned to wear armor, carry the weight of the actors in their costumes, and to race towards each other. AHA was told by the production veterinarian that there were no serious injuries, illnesses, or deaths of any animals used in the film. The AHA screened the film and asked for explanations of how some of the animal action was accomplished. Satisfied with their inquiry, they rated the film as believed acceptable.

A questionable rating is given when it is believed that, though no animals were intentionally harmed while making the movie, questionable practices were noted. The Matthew Warchus film, Simpatico, was given a questionable rating by the AHA. After being injured in an accident, a horse had to be euthanized. After investigating the accident, the AHA reported that no intentional cruelty had occurred. The films credits contain an unauthorized ‘no animals were harmed’ disclaimer, which was not granted by the AHA. Therefore, the movie received a questionable rating.

An unknown rating means the AHA neither monitored nor were able to acquire any information regarding the animal action scenes.

A not acceptable rating is given to movies where deliberate cruelty towards animals has been proven.

Many of the movies that have been rated as not acceptable involve cruelty towards horses.  The tripping of horses is the most commonly cited reason why these movies received a not acceptable rating.

In addition to the aforementioned ‘tilt shute,’ there are other cruel devices used to show a horse falling down.

In the 1982 John Milius film, Conan, the Barbarian, horses were thrown into front somersaults with the use of tripping wires. The horses’ ankles were cuffed with a wire that led to the rider. When cued, the rider pulled the wire, causing the horses’ legs to be swept out from under them. One of the horses was forced to fall into, and over, pointed stakes.

Horse abuse was also cited in the film’s sequel, the 1984 Richard Fleischer film, Conan, the Destroyer. In this film, a horse was tripped with a ‘toe tap.’ A wire device was attached to the horse’s front hooves and then held by the rider. The horse’s head was pulled to one side, using the reins, while its front legs were swept out from under it. Not only did the AHA give these movies an unacceptable rating, they also encouraged moviegoers to boycott the films. The boycott resulted in the horse scenes being removed from the movie for its showing in the United Kingdom.

There are other animal rights groups that fight for better treatment of entertainment animals. A few of these organizations are Performing Animal Welfare Society (PAWS), People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), and the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA).

Unfortunately, none of these groups has any legal rights pertaining to the use of animals in film. “The organizations sponsor letter writing campaigns to film critics, circulate lists of films to be boycotted, and urge their members-if they do see the films-to hiss and heckle during the animal scenes.” The AHA remains the only animal rights organization that has been granted legal rights to monitor the treatment of animals in film.

The treatment of animal actors has improved greatly since the American Humane Association was granted the legal right to monitor their care and treatment while on film sets. Advances in technology have helped to make the job of the AHA easier.

As Gina Barrett commented,

“I think that what technology has done is really increased both the visual opportunities for filmmakers and the safety for animals at the same time.”

It is now common for a film to use live, stuffed, animatronic, and digital animals. With the use of modern editing techniques, the combined usage of all these animal types becomes visually seamless in the final film version. Technological advancements also offer safer alternatives to risky animal action. This gives filmmakers the opportunity to realize their creative vision without jeopardizing the welfare of the animal actors.

It is a shame that any animals ever had to die for the sake of entertainment, but it is reassuring to know that organizations now exist to help prevent any future deaths of animal actors. As Alan Wild put it, “Animal stars are like humans at their best. They are loyal, brave, honest and helpful. That makes us love them—and their movies.”

July 14, 2004; From the Int’l Fund for Horses ( archives).

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Horses in Film: Equine Mechanics — The Digital Horse

Summer reading for horses lovers

You may recognize this list. We featured it last Christmas on Tuesday’s Horse. All of these books are remarkable and if there’s been anything published I would recommend more highly, I am unaware of what they are.

Here they are in alphabetical order. All gems. You will be a better advocate for having read them. I guarantee!

Last Chance Mustang — The Story of One Horse, One Horseman, and One Final Shot at Redemption
by Mitchell Bornstein

Last Chance Mustang is the story of Samson, a formerly free-roaming, still wild-at-heart American mustang that was plucked from his mountainous Nevada home and thrown into the domestic horse world where he was brutalized and victimized.

After years of abuse, Samson had evolved into a hateful and hated, maladjusted beast until the day he found his way to a rural Illinois farm, an ill-equipped owner, and one last chance.

Mitch Bornstein’s task was to tame the violent beast whose best defense had become offense. He had twenty years of experience fixing unfixable horses, but Samson would be his greatest challenge.

Through the pair’s many struggles and countless battles, Samson would teach Mitch about the true power of hope, friendship, redemption and the inspiring mettle of the forever wild and free American mustang.

If you are a wild horse advocate you must read this book. —Ed. • Buy it now »

Riding Home — The Power of Horses to Heal
by Tim Hayes (Forward by Robert Redford)

This is the first and only book to scientifically and experientially explain why horses have the extraordinary ability to emotionally transform the lives of thousands of men, women and children, whether they are horse lovers, or suffering from deep psychological wounds.

It is a book for anyone who wants to experience the joy, wonder, self-awareness and peace of mind that comes from creating a horse/human relationship, and it puts forth and clarifies the principles of today’s Natural Horsemanship (or what was once referred to as “Horse Whispering”).

Horses help us discover hidden parts of ourselves, whether we’re seven or seventy. They model relationships that demonstrate acceptance, kindness, honesty, tolerance, patience, justice, compassion, and forgiveness. Horses cause all of us to become better people, better parents, better partners, and better friends.

A horse can be our greatest teacher, for horses have no egos, they never lie, they’re never wrong and they manifest unparalleled compassion. • Buy it now »

Saving Baby — How One Woman’s Love for a Racehorse Led to Her Redemption
by Jo Anne Normile and Lawrence Linder

Jo Anne Normile was not supposed to keep the foal, an exuberant Thoroughbred with only a few white hairs on his reddish-brown forehead. But she fell in love with the young horse, who had literally been born into her arms. The breeder finally said she could keep the colt, whom she nicknamed “Baby” – but only if she raced him.

Horseracing had always come across as a glamorous blend of mint juleps and celebrity, of equine grace and speed. But the magic that enchants is a veneer.

For every Seabiscuit, there are tens of thousands of racehorses whose lives end in pain and despair, with indifference and corruption that runs rampant through the world of horse racing.

If you are a racehorse advocate or want to learn more about horses generally this book is a must. —Ed. • Buy it now »

by Lauren Hillenbrand

Seabiscuit was one of the most electrifying and popular attractions in sports history and the single biggest newsmaker in the world in 1938, receiving more coverage than FDR, Hitler, or Mussolini. But his success was a surprise to the racing establishment, which had written off the crooked-legged racehorse with the sad tail.

Three men changed Seabiscuit’s fortunes:

Charles Howard was a onetime bicycle repairman who introduced the automobile to the western United States and became an overnight millionaire. When he needed a trainer for his new racehorses, he hired Tom Smith, a mysterious mustang breaker from the Colorado plains. Smith urged Howard to buy Seabiscuit for a bargain-basement price, then hired as his jockey Red Pollard, a failed boxer who was blind in one eye, half-crippled, and prone to quoting passages from Ralph Waldo Emerson.

Over four years, these unlikely partners survived a phenomenal run of bad fortune, conspiracy, and severe injury to transform Seabiscuit from a neurotic, pathologically indolent also-ran into an American sports icon. Buy it now »

Sgt Reckless: America’s War Horse
by Robin Hutton

A Mongolian mare who was bred to be a racehorse, Ah-Chim-Hai, or Flame-of-the-Morning, belonged to a young boy named Kim-Huk-Moon. In order to pay for a prosthetic leg for his sister, Kim made the difficult decision to sell his beloved companion.

Lieutenant Eric Pedersen purchased the bodacious mare and renamed her Reckless, for the Recoilless Rifles Platoon, Anti-Tank Division, of the 5th Marines she’d be joining.

The four-legged equine braved minefields and hailing shrapnel to deliver ammunition to her division on the frontlines. In one day alone, performing fifty-one trips up and down treacherous terrain, covering a distance of over thirty-five miles, and rescuing wounded comrades-in-arms, Reckless demonstrated her steadfast devotion to the Marines who had become her herd.

Despite only measuring about thirteen hands high, this pint-sized equine became an American hero.

Reckless was awarded two Purple Hearts for her valor and was officially promoted to staff sergeant twice, a distinction never bestowed upon an animal before or since. • Buy it now »

Source — Book Descriptions and Cover Images:

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